Official Website: http://www.npf.gov.ng/
About The Nigeria Police Force
The Hausa Constabulary/Lagos Police – 1861
In Nigeria, the development of the Police Force was on a tangential direction to that of the British Force. British trade interest and the need to prevent squabbles between the native chiefs and the Imperial Merchants were the impetus for the formation of the Force.
Consequently, the Police grew up as paramilitary Force bearing arms from its inception. The Consular Guard established in Lagos in 1861 consisting of about 30 men were armed. In 1863, this Guard matured into the Hausa Police and by 1879, the latter developed into Hausa constabulary. It was armed and consisted of a Commissioner, two assistant Commissioners, A Superintendent, an Assistant Superintendent, A Pay and Quartermaster, A Master Tailor and 250 other ranks.
THE ROYAL NIGER CONSTABULARY/NORTHER POLICE FORCE – 1886
The Royal Niger Company established in Lokoja in 1886 an armed constabulary to protect its trade interest along the river Niger in the North. There were 5 officers, 415 Rank and File then. But these increased to 15 officers and 1,003 rank and file in 1898. Although this constabulary was disbanded in 1900 when the Protectorate of Northern Nigeria was proclaimed, it achieved success in punishing slave dealers in Ilorin and Bida in 1897.
THE NIGERIA COAST CONSTABULARY – 1894
In 1891, the Oil River Protectorate was declared with headquarters at Calabar. This was the handwork of Annesley who found it increasingly difficult to carry out consular orders which were invariable anti-chiefs interest. His mode of administration was a conflict model. He attacked the palace of Andemeno in Cross River with his Force.
He allowed his commercial interest to becloud his judgement and the realization that the early Police Force in his homeland in Britain developed as a result of the co-operation and goodwill of the people.
Consequently the Force was disbanded and in 1894 the Nigeria Coast Constabulary was formed. This force survived for six years until 1900 when the colony and Protectorate of Southern Nigeria was proclaimed.
THE SOUTHERN POLICE FORCE – 1906
With the proclamation of the Protectorate of Southern Nigeria a lot of the men of the Niger Coast constabulary defected to the Southern Nigeria Regiment. The others, including the Lagos Police force joined the Southern Nigeria Police which came into existence in 1906. This Force was headed by an Inspector- General of Police Johnstone. The force performed Para-military duties.
THE AMALGAMATION – THE NIGERIA POLICE FORCE – 1930
In 1906, three separate Police Forces existed in Nigeria. There were the Lagos Police Force, the Northern Police Force and the Southern Police Force. In the second half of 1906, the colony and protectorate of Lagos was merged with the protectorate of Southern Nigeria. In 1914 the colony and Protectorate of Southern Nigeria and the Protectorate of Northern were merged to form the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria.
However, the Southern and Northern Nigeria Police Forces remained separate and no amalgamation too place until 1930. On 1st April, 1930 came the existence of the Nigeria Police Force with headquarters in Lagos. The Inspector-General of both forces, then amalgamated, was Duncan. He headed various Police establishments in British Possessions outside Nigeria before his appointment.
(Culled from “The Nigeria Police and Human Rights” by S. G. Ehindero)
History of The Nigeria Police
Objectives of NP
The Aims of the Nigeria Police Force is to enhance the quality of life in our Country by working in partnership with the community and in accordance with constitutional rights to enforce the laws, preserve the peace, reduce fear, and provide for a safe environment.
Combat serious and organized crime, within and across Force boundaries.
In partnership with the community, our objectives are to:
Value human life, respect the dignity of each individual and renderour services with courtesy and civility
The Nigerian Police Force is famed around the world and has a unique place in the history of policing. It is by far the largest of the police services that operate in West Africa.
Today, the Nigeria Police Force employs a lot of officers, police staff and traffic wardens and thousands of Police Commands, all over the country.
The police maintains law and orderliness in the community i.e ensuring that all indigenes and non indigenes are governed by the law irrespective of their position or status in the community.
The Patrol men go around the community to ensure that all paramount cases are duly attended to eg clearing broken down vehicles on the way and attending to dis-orderliness in the community. They equally attend to emergencies and respond promptly to any official call of emergency.
They arrest and detain if need be and issue bail for a suspect who is yet to be arraigned in the court of law.
Structure The Nigeria Police is divided into six major departments. They are:
‘A’ Department (General Administration of the Force): The ‘A’ Department Force Headquarters, Abuja is rated as the highest administration of the Force. Its primary functions are as follows:
The Inspector General of Police is the chief executive officer of the Department. The Office of the Inspector General of Police provides liaison with the national council, state, the Commissioners’ office, neighboring countries and other criminal justice agencies. The IG is responsible for providing vision, leadership and administrative coordination to the Department. The IG provides direct supervision to the members of the National and State Staff.
II. The Secretary (Principal Staff officer) is assigned to the Inspector General of Police. The Secretary provides clerical support to the IG’s office, cater for the appointments, promotions transfers and discipline of Senior Police Officers including Civilian personnel on Salary grade level 08 and above. Other functions of the section include: